Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and enhanced photocatalytic activity and toxicity studies of a rhombohedral Fe2O3 nanomaterial

Abhilash, M. R. and Gangadhar, A. and Krishnegowda, J. and Chikkamadaiah, M. and Srikantaswamy, S. (2019) Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and enhanced photocatalytic activity and toxicity studies of a rhombohedral Fe2O3 nanomaterial. RSC Advances, 9 (43). pp. 25158-25169.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/C9RA04978A

Abstract

The present investigation focuses on the synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles (MONPs) via a facile hydrothermal route. The material has been characterized by using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), photoluminescence (PL), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) techniques. However, the application of Fe2O3 metal oxide nanoparticles (MONPs) tied with their inimitable chemical and physical nature is thought to emphasize their exploitable medical and biological applications nowadays. Rhodamine-B (RB) was used for photocatalytic degradation studies by using rhombohedral Fe2O3, afterwards the material was recycled and utilized for toxicity assessments. Undeniably, a meticulous assessment is needed of the factors that influence the biocompatibility and is essential for the safe and sustainable development of the emerging chemically synthesized metal oxide nanoparticle (MONPs). The toxicity assessment of Fe2O3 is necessary to know the bioaccumulation and local or systemic toxicity associated to them. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of Fe2O3 and its histological alterations of the heart tissue of albino Wistar rat. The synthesized materials high dose was found to be highly stable and we found more toxicity against the skin melanoma cells (B16-F10), human embryonic kidney (HEK), 293 cells depending on dose. Finally, Escherichia coli, (MTCC 7410) bacterial cell wall damage studies were also conducted to provide a clear determination of rhombohedral nanomaterial behaviour. The fusion of these biocompatibility investigations paves a way for further applications in utilization of these materials in future eco-friendly applications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Life Science > Environmental Science
Divisions: Department of > Environmental Science
Depositing User: Arshiya Kousar
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2020 11:13
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 11:13
URI: http://eprints.uni-mysore.ac.in/id/eprint/11290

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