Free-volume microprobe study of iodine diffusion in polymers

Ramani, R. and Ranganathaiah, C. (2001) Free-volume microprobe study of iodine diffusion in polymers. Polymer International, 50 (2). pp. 237-248. ISSN 237-248

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The effect of iodine sorption on the free-volume of three polymers, namely, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, poly(ethylene terephthalate) and polycarbonate have been investigated by the positron annihilation Lifetime technique. Diffusion coefficients have been evaluated from the sorption curves using Crank's solution for Fick's second law of diffusion. The positron results are explained in terms of iodine filling the free-volume holes, swelling and conformational changes. It has also been found that the diffusion process in acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene and poly(ethylene terephthalate) deviates from Fick's law of diffusion whereas in polycarbonate, the diffusion process obeys Fick's law. Further, for polymers in which diffusion deviates from Fick's law, the sorption process has been separated into diffusion-controlled (Fickian) and relaxation-controlled (non-Fickian) parts using the dual-mode sorption model. Interestingly, the present results show that the polymers which deviate from Fickian diffusion also deviate from Fujita's free-volume theory of diffusion and vice versa. The positron results also indicate that sorbed iodine in the polymer acts as an inhibitor of orthopositronium. (C) 2001 Society of Chemical Industry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: free-volume; positron lifetime; iodine diffusion; acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene; poly(ethylene terephthalate); polycarbonate
Subjects: D Physical Science > Physics
Divisions: Department of > Physics
Depositing User: Harisha R uom
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2020 06:02
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2022 11:39

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